September 4, 1841
New York, New York

For the Colored American.

MR. EDITOR - In pursuance of a call published originally in your paper, a Convention assembled in the Talcott st. Congregational Church, on the evening of the 18th inst., and after listening to a sermon from J.W.C. Pennington, pastor of said church, from the text Isaiah 58:10, were by him called to order; and after the reading of the call by A.W. Hanson, forty-three delegates from more than six States, and as many denominations of Christians of Christians, white and colored, enrolled their names; after which, the Convention was organized by the appointment of Rev. E.W. Gardner, of Philadelphia, President; Rev. J.W.C. Pennington and John W. Lewis, Vice Presidents; A.W. Hanson and Rev. A.G. Beman, Secretaries.

The Convention adopted a Constitution, and formed a Union Missionary Society. The officers consist of a President, eight Vice Presidents, Corresponding and Recording Secretaries, Treasurer, two Auditors, and a Board of Managers of forty-five.
The executive meetings will at present be held at Hartford, but the annual meetings will assemble as the Board shall direct. Any member of a Christian church, who is not a slaveholder, may become a member by signing the constitution, and paying not less than one dollar annually.
The Convention was unanimously in favor of the enterprize of African Missions, and passed a resolution to that effect. A resolution was also passed disavowing the fellowship of the Colonization scheme, and showing reasons why.

<< Joseph Cinque>> and four of his countrymen were present, and enrolled their names as members of the Convention, which added much interest to the meeting.

The Convention, after a discussion of two days, closed on Friday evening, with delightful harmony.

A quorum of the Board of Managers met on Saturday morning, and appointed an executive committee, corresponding secretary, treasurer, and two auditors.

President - Rev. James W.C. Pennington.

Vice Presidents - Rev. Wm. Douglass, C.W. Gardner, Jeremiah Asher, John W. Lewis, Christopher Rush, Rt. Rev. Morris Brown, A.N. Freeman, S.H. Gloucester.

Recording Secretary - Isaac Cross.
Corresponding Secretary - Kev. A.G. Beman.
Auditors - Lewis Tappan, Rev. G. Hogarth.
Treasurer - Rev. T.S. Wright.
The proceedings in pamphlet form will soon be forthcoming.

April 17, 1841
New York, New York

For the Colored American.
Buffalo, March 28, 1841.

Pursuant to public notice, the colored citizens of the city of Buffalo met in the Union Moral and Mental Improvement Society's Hall, on Thursday evening, 25th inst., for the purpose of expressing their gratitude for the liberation of the Amistad captives, the Hall was filled to an overflow. Mr. J.H. Morrell was called to the chair, and Messrs. R. Dwight, and T.T. Tatum were appointed Secretaries. The chair arose and stated the object of the meeting, after which the evening exercises commenced.
1st. Prayer by the Rev. G. Wear, of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
2d. Anthem. "Oh when shall Afric's sable sons the Heavenly world enjoy.
3d. Prayer, by the Rev. A. Brown of the second Baptist Church.
4th. Anthem. "From Greenland's icy mountains,
From India's coral strands."
5th. The extra from the Colored American, of the trial, was read.
6th. The representation of << Joseph Cinque>> and his compatriots, drawn in full stature, accompanied by Lieut. Gedney, Montez and Ruiz, were presented to the audience.
7th. The extent of the slave trade was read, taken from the last number of the Edinburgh Review.
8th. Prayer, by Nathan Steward.
9th. Anthem. "Let every creature join, to bless Jehovah's name."
10th. Speaking, by Messrs. Brokenburgh, R. Dwight and T.T. Tatum, appropriate to the meeting.
11th. Prayer, by J. Dandridge.
12th. The following resolutions were offered and adopted.
Resolved, That we look upon the liberation of the Amistad captives as an interposition of Divine Providence, and as such it is our duty to return our thanks to him who is the protection of all those who put their trust in him.
Resolved, That our never ending prayers be ever ascending to the All-omnipotent of the universe, for the liberation of the Amistad captives, and the enslaved throughout the civilized world.
Resolved, That we highly approve of the intrepid act of << Joseph Cinque>> , who preferred death rather than slavery.
Resolved, That << Joseph Cinque's>> name shall live to tell to succeeding generations.
Resolved, That natural rights consist in the rights of personal liberty or personal security, and of private property, rights inestimable to us, and formidable to tyrants only.
Resolved, That we tender our unceasing gratitude to the venerable John Q. Adams and his associates, the fearless and uncompromising advocates of universal freedom, the defenders of the thirty-six Amistad captives.
Resolved, That S.S. Jocelyn, J. Leavitt, and Lewis Tappan have merited great praise, and that they have our warmest thanks for the manner in which they have discharged their duty, as a committee to raise money for the purpose of educating the Amistad captives, and for getting eminent counsel to attend to their trial.
Anthem. "Lord dismiss us with thy blessing,
Fill our hearts with joy and peace."
Resolved, That the proceedings of the meeting be forwarded to the Colored American for publication.
Prayer, by J. Dandridge.
Adjourned, J.H. MORRELL, President.
T.T. TATUM, Secretaries.

May 18, 1849
Rochester, New York


Freedom's Martyrs.

FREDERICK DOUGLASS: - Sir, - I am not of those who bow down at the shrine of the victorious hero, whose laurels are covered with human gore; or chant praises to those who fall in the midst of battle, irrespective of the principles which triumph with him, or in contending for which, they offer up their lives a willing memento of their devotion. But to those who do, or dare to die, from moral or physical courage in the cause of truth, right, liberty, principle - the heart, in spite of teachings to the contrary, renders the meed of praise involuntarily.
To the moral heroism of Christ, in daring to offer up his life in devotion to those principles, the advocacy and application of which are calculated to render earth a paradise; the moral courage, devotion, and martyrdom of Lovejoy and Torrey in enforcing those principles; the soul-inspiring deeds performed by a Tell, a Bruce, a Washington, or a Tousaint L'Ouverture; the chainless spirits of a Nathaniel Turner, Madison, Washington, or << Joseph Cinque>> ; - all meet a response in the human heart, whether it be deemed expedient to express it or not.
But it is my purpose at present to render a tribute to an unknown hero, to record the deeds of valor of a nameless general, to chant praises to an unsung martyr.
In the National Anti-Slavery Standard, of the 3d inst., appeared a paragraph (from the Houston Republican) containing the following particulars: - "It appears that Mr. Higgason attempted to correct a negro man in his employ, who resisted, drew a knife, and stabbed him (Mr. H.) in several places. A Mr. J.C. Hobbs, a Tennessean, ran to his assistance. Mr. Hobbs stooped to pick up a stick to strike the negro, and while in that position the negro rushed upon him, and with a dirk inflicted a wound in his left breast, which caused his immediate death. The negro then fled to the woods, but as pursued with dogs and soon overtaken. He had stopped in a swamp to fight the dogs, when the party who were pursuing came up, and commanded him to give up, which he refused to do; he then made several efforts to stab them. Mr. Robertson, one of the party, gave him several blows on the head with a rifle gun, but this, instead of subduing, only increased his revenge. Mr. R. then discharged his gun at the negro, and missing him, the ball struck a Mr. Boon in the face, and felled him to the ground. The negro seeing Mr. Boon prostrated, attempted to rush upon him and stab him, but was prevented by the timely interference of some of the party. He was then shot three times with a revolving pistol, and once with a rifle, and after having his throat cut, he still kept the knife firmly grasped in his hand, and tried to cut their legs as they approached to put an end to his life."
Here we have one man attempting to maltreat another; when he resists, in self-defence, we see him rushed upon in coward numbers. One makes an attempt upon his life with a club; he thwarts him by rendering him harmless. He is next pursued by bloodhounds, quadruped and biped; his body is perforated with balls, his throat is cut, and yet, with the noble spirit of a wronged freeman, he strikes at the base vipers around him, and will only yield his right with his life, even to coward numbers.
Had some American or Texan marauder fought so unyieldingly, in the violation of Mexican rights, he would be held up as a model for the imitation of American youths, and perhaps would receive the highest gift of their fathers - the Presidency. And yet this noble man, though he fell a martyr to liberty in the country which stands as a monument to Washington, and Jefferson, and Patrick Henry, and their compatriots, is heralded around as a shocking murderer - a desperado. Well might Lowell exclaim, whilst looking at the monument erected to the martyrs of Freedom who fell at Bunker Hill, and contemplating the treatment that is meted out to her would be worshippers at the South -

Shame on this costly mockery
Of piling stone on stone,
To those who won our liberty -
The heroes dead and gone; -
While we stand coldly by and see
Law-shielded ruffians slay
The men that fain would win their own -
The heroes of today.
BROOKLYN, May 6th, 1849.

July 30, 1864
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

For the Christian Recorder.


Camden, July 23, 1864.

MR. EDITOR: - I sent a communication to your office for publication, dated July 3d, the substance of which was intended as a refutation of an article that appeared in your issue of the 2d inst., over the signature of "West Jersey." The said communication not appearing, I therefore pen this as a substitute, hoping that it may find a place in your columns.
It is not the fact that only twenty persons of color contributed to the Sanitary Fair, as stated by "West Jersey." Neither does his list of names comprise all the names of those that contributed. It may contain the names of those from whom he received donations, but his article does not confine itself to such. There was a committee of white gentlemen, who collected a goodly sum of money from the colored people; yet I am satisfied that if the proper course had been taken, a great deal more could have been done. I know not whether "West Jersey" held a sub commission or not. If he did, he did not let it be generally known. But I am inclined to think that he did. If so, it was his duty to gather the people together and lecture them upon the importance of their rallying to the standard, knowing that there were so many of our colored brethren in the army from this section of the country, and not go to a few personal friends, collect a few dollars, and then hold them up as the salt of the earth. This course, as adopted by "West Jersey," was not satisfactory to those who did equally as well as those whose names he published, though done independent of his solicitations.
It seems to me that we are sadly in want of that spirit of charity that Moses endeavored to inculcate in the minds of the children of Israel while they were yet in Egypt - "Strive not with one another, seeing that ye are brethren." We should seek to obtain that wisdom which characterized Julius Caesar, who had learned prudence from the danger of his situation, and tacitly courted popularity, without that show of enterprise which gives alarm to a rival. Seeing, therefore, that our people are so much divided, religiously, and politically, the leading men should stand like Caesar when Pompey and Cassius contended for the command of the Roman Republic: he stood between the two and showed the reach of talent by reconciling them, and thus acquiring the friendship of both. The Roman spirit of plebeianism and patricianism seems to be ripe among us. Have we no Caesar to stand between those rivals, who has learned prudence by the danger of our situation, and shows the reach of his talent by reconciling these troubled and contending spirits?
The present time is propitious for the exhibition of profound talent - and if we fail now to develop that capacity of mind and determined spirit that characterize other nations that labored under similar disadvantages as those under which we now labor, we are irrevocably doomed. Then let us lay aside this ambition for a name. Let principle be our motto, and that after which we seek. Let us prove to the world that we are men, not by going to Washington eulogizing an Administration that has not thought it incumbent upon it to treat those of our race who have left comfortable homes and loving families to rally to the defence of their imperilled country, like men. These are not the kind of spirits that we want: we want a Carthaginian spirit - such a one as taught them to swear eternal hatred to the Romans, their foes - such as Hannibal possessed when he led his army of 26,000 men across the trackless Alps, met his enemy in Italy, and there defeated him at Trebia and Lake Thrasymenus; the spirit of a L'Overture or a << Joseph Cinque>> : these are the spirits we want in our day, and not that spirit of truckling that leads men to become pettitose for the sake of a name - men who will stop their ears to the cries of an outraged people, such cries as those that come up like smoke from Elijah's altar, through the columns of your paper, weekly from the army at the South, and go to Washington to eulogize an Administration which is the author of these outrages. Let us lay aside all foolishness and weakness, and, like men, feel each other's wrongs. We have the numbers - all we want is the will to make us equal to the demand of the times. We have a number greater than that which crowded the historic gates of Athens, when her sons, under Miltiades, won liberty for mankind on the field of Marathon - greater than Sparta contained when she ruled over Greece with an iron hand, and sent forth her devoted children, quickened by a mother's benediction, to return with their shields and armor on.